毎年2月28日は”World Rare Disease Day”

FacebookのAll Things Kabukiの2月のテーマは
“Rare Disease Awareness Month” 「まれな病気を意識する」でした。
1.”The first World Rare Disease Day was organized and held on 28 February 2008 by European organization, EURORDIS and its Council of National Alliances. ”
2.”Kabuki syndrome is considered a rare disease globally.”
3.”The United States began participating in World Rare Disease Day in February 2009. ”
4.”Kabuki syndrome was first described in Japan in 1967 and became a formal diagnosis in 1981. ”
5.”In the United States, a disease is defined as rare when it affects less than 200,000 people at any given time.”
6.”Mutations in two genes are currently identified as the cause for Kabuki syndrome; KMT2D and KDM6A.”
「現在、2つの遺伝子の突然変異が歌舞伎症候群の原因として特定されています。 KMT2DとKDM6A」
7.”There are over 7,000 distinct types of rare diseases.”
8.”Kabuki syndrome is a rare genetic disorder occurring in approximately 1 in 32,000 births worldwide.”
9.”95% of rare diseases do not have a single FDA approved drug treatment or cure, including Kabuki syndrome. ”
10.”The first gene recognized to be responsible for Kabuki syndrome was discovered in 2010 at the University of Washington. || KMT2D – Formerly referred to as MLL2.”
「歌舞伎症候群の原因であると認められた最初の遺伝子は、2010年にワシントン大学で発見されました。 || KMT2D – 以前はMLL2と呼ばれていました」
11.”The Orphan Drug Act in the USA (1983) was succeeded by similar legislation in Japan (1985), Australia (1997) and the European community (2000).”
12.”Kabuki syndrome is found globally and is not limited to a specific race or ethnicity.”
13.”Approximately 50% of people affected by rare disease are children. ”
14.”Most children with Kabuki syndrome are born at a normal height and weight. Growth delays often occur postnatal.”
「歌舞伎症候群のほとんどの子供は、通常の身長と体重で生まれています。 成長の遅れはしばしば出生後に起こります。」
15.”A rare disease may also be referred to as an orphan disease.”
16.”Children with Kabuki syndrome often experience delayed bone growth. Bone age can be confirmed through x-ray.”
「歌舞伎症候群の子供はしばしば骨の成長が遅れる。 骨年齢はX線で確認できます。」
17.”The term orphan disease implies two separate but related concepts: 1. Describes diseases that are neglected by doctors. 2. More specifically, the term is used to designate a disease that affects only a small number of individuals (so-called human orphans). ”
「孤児疾患という用語は、2つの別々だが関連した概念を意味しています。 より具体的には、この用語は、少数の個人(いわゆる人間の孤児)だけに影響を与える病気を指すのに使用されます。」
18.”Strabismus is an eye condition seen in Kabuki syndrome.”
19.”Rare diseases affect 30 million Americans (1:10) and 350 million people worldwide.”
20.”Hundreds of variants have been identified with the KMT2D gene, while only a handful have been identified with the KDM6A gene.”
21.”Only 5% of rare diseases have FDA approved treatment. Access to treatment is an ongoing struggle due to high costs and variability. ”
「FDAが承認した治療を受けているのはわずか5%のまれな疾患です。 治療へのアクセスは、高いコストと多様性のために継続的な闘争です。」
22.”Low muscle tone is common in Kabuki syndrome. Low muscle tone is also referred to as hypotonia or floppy baby syndrome and is usually detected at birth.”
「低筋肉の緊張は、歌舞伎症候群で一般的です。 低筋緊張は低緊張症やフロッピー赤ちゃん症候群とも呼ばれ、通常出生時に検出されます。」
23.”Approximately 50% of rare diseases do not have a disease specific foundation supporting or researching their rare disease. ”
24.”An estimated 50% of children with Kabuki syndrome will have a cardiovascular malformation (heart defect).”
25.”There is no cure for most rare diseases, but appropriate treatment and medical care can improve the quality of life of those affected.”
26.”Gastroesophageal Reflux is common in the early years of Kabuki syndrome, but often improves with age.”
27.”Families and private foundations provide about 3% of ALL medical research funding in the United States.”
28.”Individuals with Kabuki syndrome often have the need to seek sensory input. This is also referred to as stimming.”
「歌舞伎症候群の人は、しばしば感覚入力を求める必要があります。 これは刺激とも呼ばれます。」
29.”Since the Orphan Drug Act of 1983 was signed into federal law, the U.S. Food & Drug Administration has approved more than 340 treatments for rare disease.”
30.”Short digits are common in Kabuki syndrome. Fingers and toes are often referred to as digits. The fifth digit (pinky) is often shorter than usual.”
「短い小指は歌舞伎症候群では一般的です。 指やつま先はしばしばdigitsと呼ばれます。 5桁目(小指)は、通常より短くなります。」
31.”If all of the people with a rare disease lived in one country, it would be the world’s third largest populous country.”
32.”Children with Kabuki syndrome often learn to walk much later than typical children. ”
33.”The exact cause for many rare diseases remains unknown. A significant portion can be traced to mutations (changes) in a single gene. ”
「多くのまれな病気の正確な原因は、未知のままです。 かなりの部分は、単一の遺伝子の突然変異(変化)に起因します。」
34.”In 1967, Dr. Norio Niikawa was a first year pediatrician in Japan when he saw a young female patient with unusual facial characteristics. Uncertain of a diagnosis, her clinical data would sit in a file for 10 years – until Dr. Niikawa would see four more patients with similar features. ”
「1967年、新川博士は日本で1年目の小児科医でした。 診断が不確かな場合、彼女の臨床データは10年間ファイルに保存されていました – 新川博士が似たような特徴を持つさらに4人の患者に会うまで。」
35.”According to EURORDIS, World Rare Disease Day was created because treatment for many rare diseases is insufficient, as are the social networks to support individuals with rare diseases and their families.”
36.”Children with Kabuki syndrome can have an excellent memory, despite experiencing intellectual delays.”
37.”30% of children with a rare disease will not live to see their fifth birthday.”
38.”Kabuki syndrome was first publicly referred to as Kabuki make-up syndrome because the elongated eyes resembled those seen in Japanese Kabuki theater actors.”
39.”Genetic testing can help diagnose many rare diseases, but not all. A genetic cause is identified in approximately 25-30% of cases.”
「遺伝子検査は多くのまれな病気の診断に役立ちますが、全部ではありません。 遺伝的原因は、症例の約25?30%で確認されています。」
40.”The Orphan Drug Act of 1983 provides incentives for drug companies to develop treatment for rare diseases.”
41.”It can take several years to diagnose a rare disease.”
42.”A disease can be rare in one region and common in another.”
43.”Idiopathic Thrombocytopenic Purpura (ITP) can occur in Kabuki syndrome. ITP is a disorder caused by the immune system destroying platelets. ITP can be diagnosed through bloodwork.”
「特発性血小板減少性紫斑病(ITP)は、歌舞伎症候群で発生する可能性があります。 ITPは、血小板を破壊する免疫系によって引き起こされる疾患です。 ITPは血液検査によって診断することができます。」
44.”An Individualized Education Plan (IEP) is an important tool used for children with Kabuki syndrome. An IEP can be useful in all stages of education, including transitioning into adulthood.”
「個別教育計画(IEP)は、歌舞伎症候群の子供たちに使用される重要なツールです。 IEPは成人期への移行を含む、教育のあらゆる段階で役立ちます。」
45.”Finding a support group is important! A rare disease can be isolating for the patient and their caregiver, especially when it’s your child that has the disease.”
「サポートグループを見つけることは重要です。 特に、あなたの子供がその病気にかかっているときは、まれな病気が患者とその介護者を隔離することがあります。」
46.”Rare disease affects more people than AIDS and Cancer combined.”
47.”Individuals with Kabuki syndrome have a tendency to take language literally.”
48.”The symbol for Rare Disease Awareness is a zebra striped ribbon.”
49.”Amblyopia (lazy eye) is a visual impairment that can occur in Kabuki syndrome.”
50.”Hearing loss is common in Kabuki syndrome. There are two types of hearing loss: conductive and sensorineural.”
「難聴は、歌舞伎症候群によく見られます。 聴覚障害には、伝導型と感音型の2種類があります。」
51.”World Rare Disease Day is held on the last day of February each year.”
52.”Ptosis is a condition seen in Kabuki syndrome. Ptosis is the dropping of the upper eye lid and may appear more prominent when muscles tire.”
「眼瞼下垂症は、歌舞伎症候群に見られる状態です。 眼瞼下垂は上眼瞼の落下であり、筋肉が疲れたときにより顕著に見えることがあります。」

カテゴリー: 未分類 パーマリンク



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